How Do You Use Shepard’S Citations?

Why would you Shepardize a case?

Shepardizing a case helps determine the precedential value of a legal authority.

Shepardizing a case helps determine the precedential value of a legal authority.

Most commonly associated with case law, Shepard’s citators are also published for the constitution and statutory law..

Can you Shepardize a statute?

Select the right citator. Match the jurisdiction of your statute. For example, to Shepardize a state statute, use a state citator, because only state citators include state statutes as cited references. In this example, use Shepard’s Federal Statutes Citations, 1998-1999 Bound Supplement. 2.

Are headnotes citable?

LexisNexis Headnotes are direct quotes from the case and are citable authority. Other headnotes are not the court’s language and are not citable authority.

What is the difference between a digest and a reporter?

This digest feature provides citations to cases that have definded legal legal terms and phrases. Organized like a dictionary — look up the term alphabetically; you will find cases that DEFINE THOSE WORDS. Reporters contain the full text of published court opinions.

Are headnotes primary authority?

A headnote is a brief summary of a specific point of law decided in a case. Headnotes appear before the judicial opinion and are generally written by a publisher’s editors. Headnotes are a great research tool but are not considered legal authority and should never be cited to.

What does it mean to Shepardize a document?

The verb Shepardizing refers to the process of consulting Shepard’s to see if a case has been overturned, reaffirmed, questioned, or cited by later cases. …

How do you Shepardize a document?

How do I “shepardize” a case when I know the citation?The most common method is to enter “shep:” in the search box, followed by your citation, then press ENTER or click the search button; or.Enter just the citation name in the search box, then click the Shepard’s Signal™ indicator next to the document name; or.More items…•

What does the yellow triangle mean in Lexis?

Yellow Triangle: Possible negative treatment indicated. The yellow Shepard’s Signal™ indicator indicates that citing references in the Shepard’s® Citations Service contain history or treatment that may have a significant negative impact on your case (for example, limited or criticized by).

What does it mean to Shepardize a case on Westlaw?

The term Shepardize means the process of checking a case’s prior precedents. … The use of KeyCite on Westlaw is the equivalent to Shepardizing a citation using Shepard’s on Lexis. By using KeyCite, you can easily determine if your case is still “good law.”

Are headnotes authoritative?

Headnotes are brief summaries of the points of law that apply to a case. … Case headnotes preceding the opinion in a court report are not authoritative statements of the law set forth in the case. The court’s opinion must always be read to determine what the court actually wrote.

What is KeyCite?

KeyCite on Thomson Reuters Westlaw. Page 1. KeyCite® is the industry’s most complete, accurate, and up-to-date citation service. Use it to instantly verify whether a case, statute, regulation, or administrative decision is still good law, or whether a patent or trademark is still valid.