Is Article 18 Available To Foreigners?

How many FR are there in Indian Constitution?

There are seven fundamental rights recognised by the Indian constitution: Right to equality (Articles.

14-18) Right to Freedom (Articles..

How many freedoms are there in Article 19?

Six freedomsArticles 19, 20, 21A and 22 consist of provisions concerning the right to freedom. Six freedoms are granted to any citizen in the country, as provided in Article 19. They are: Freedom of speech and expression.

Why is Article 18 so important?

Article 18, in both the UDHR and ICCPR formulations, affords wide-ranging protections to ‘freedom of thought, conscience, and religion’. They thus protect not only religion, but a range of other beliefs, as well as the right not to subscribe to religious beliefs at all.

Is Article 14 available to foreigners?

It states: “The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.” … Article 14 is applicable not just to Indian citizens but also extends benefits of equality to anyone within Indian territory, even a foreigner.

What are the exceptions to Article 19?

Article 19(2) – An Exception to Article 19(1): It is however pertinent to mention that, freedom of speech and expression of press is not absolute but is qualified by certain clearly defined limitations under Article 19(2) in the interests of the public.

Is Article 32 available for foreigners?

Article 32 of the Indian Constitution confers ‘mandatory power’ on the Honorable Supreme Court of India to issue writs in case of violation of the Fundamental Rights (FRs). … by law or constitution). And some of the FRs are available for both citizens and foreigners (or non- citizens) and not enemy aliens.

Is Article 14 an absolute right?

Article 14 of the constitution states that: “The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.” This means that every person, who lives within territory of India, has the equal right before the law. … The above right is not an absolute right.

Is CAA anti constitutional?

The Amnesty International has told the U.S. lawmakers that the recently enacted Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) stands in “clear violation” of the Constitution of India and international human rights law and “legitimises discrimination” on the basis of religion.

What is Article 18 of the Constitution?

(1) No title, not being a military or academic distinction, shall be conferred by the State.

Which fundamental rights are applicable to foreigners?

Fundamental Rights also available to foreign nationals:Equality before law and equal protection of laws (Article 14).Protection in respect of conviction for offences (Article 20).Protection of life and personal liberty (Article 21).Right to elementary education (Article 21A).More items…•

What does Article 19 say?

Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.

How many rights does Article 19 have?

six freedomsArticle 19 guarantees six freedoms. They are: Freedom of speech and expression: The State guarantees freedom of speech and expression to every person of India.

Who grants citizenship in India?

A person can acquire citizenship by naturalisation if he/she is ordinarily resident of India for 12 years (throughout 12 months preceding the date of application and 11 years in the aggregate) and fulfils all qualifications in the third schedule of the Citizenship Act.

What is Article 21 of the Constitution?

No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law, nor shall any person be denied equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.

What is the Article 25?

Article 25 says “all persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience and the right to freely profess, practice, and propagate religion subject to public order, morality and health.” Further, Article 26 says that all denominations can manage their own affairs in matters of religion.

Is Article 19 available to foreigners?

The Fundamental Rights guaranteed by Articles 14, 20, 21, 21A, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27 and 28 are available to all persons whether citizens or foreigners. The Fundamental Rights guaranteed by Articles 15, 16, 19, 29, and 30 are available only to citizens of India.

Which article is only for Indians?

Under the Indian constitution, certain fundamental rights are available only to the citizens, namely: Right against discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth (Article 15); right to equality of opportunity in matter of public employment (Article 16); freedom of speech and expression, …

What was Article 19 F?

Art. 19(1) (f) guaranteed to the Indian citizens a right to acquire, hold and dispose of property. Art 19 (5), however, permitted the state to impose by law reasonable restrictions on this right in the interests of the general public or for the protection of any Scheduled Tribe. Generally speaking, Art.