Question: What Is 123rd Amendment?

What is 121 Amendment?

The Constitution (121st Amendment) Bill amends the provisions of the Constitution related to the appointment of Supreme Court and High Court judges, and the transfer of High Court judges..

Who can change the Constitution?

The Constitution provides that an amendment may be proposed either by the Congress with a two-thirds majority vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate or by a constitutional convention called for by two-thirds of the State legislatures.

What does backwards mean?

1a : toward the back or rear She glanced backward over her shoulder. b : with the back foremost Take three steps backward. 2a : in a reverse or contrary direction or way Count backward from 10. b : toward the past a journey backward in time. c : toward a worse state His new job felt like a step backward.

Is BC and OBC are same?

BC means backward classes while OBC means other backward classes. … So You don’t have to worry regarding such short term, they generally avoid O because either for typing purpose or because of the fact that BC itself means backward classes includes all the classes which are backward. So both are same thing.

What is 100th constitutional amendment?

Constitution (100th Amendment) Act 2015 ratified the land boundary agreement between India and Bangladesh. The act amended the 1st schedule of the constitution to exchange the disputed territories occupied by both the nations in accordance with the 1974 bilateral LBA.

What is added in 42nd Amendment?

The 42nd Amendment also amended Preamble and changed the description of India from “sovereign democratic republic” to a “sovereign, socialist secular democratic republic”, and also changed the words “unity of the nation” to “unity and integrity of the nation”.

Which caste is top in Hindu?

Brahman, also spelled Brahmin, Sanskrit Brāhmaṇa (“Possessor of Brahma”), highest ranking of the four varnas, or social classes, in Hindu India.

When was the last amendment passed?

1992… ratified in 1992 as the Twenty-seventh Amendment.

Is GST 101 or 122 Amendment?

The Bill amends the Constitution to introduce the goods and services tax (GST).

What is the meaning of amendment in Indian Constitution?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Amending the Constitution of India is the process of making changes to the nation’s fundamental law or supreme law. The procedure of amendment in the constitution is laid down in Part XX (Article 368) of the Constitution of India.

How many amends are there?

27 amendmentsThe US Constitution has 27 amendments that protect the rights of Americans.

Is Amendment a law?

An amendment is a change or an addition to the terms of a contract, a law, or a government regulatory filing. Any such document can be amended with the consent of the parties involved.

What is the shortest amendment?

Eighth AmendmentThe Eighth Amendment is the shortest Amendment in the Bill of Rights.

What is the newest amendment?

Amendment XXVIITwenty-seventh Amendment to the United States Constitution. The Twenty-seventh Amendment (Amendment XXVII) to the United States Constitution prohibits any law that increases or decreases the salary of members of Congress from taking effect until the start of the next set of terms of office for representatives.

What is the latest amendment in Indian Constitution?

One Hundred and Third Amendment of the Constitution of IndiaThe Constitution (One Hundred and Third Amendment) Act, 2019Citation103rd Amendment Act of the Indian ConstitutionTerritorial extentIndiaEnacted byLok SabhaPassed8 January 201913 more rows

What is 102nd Amendment Act?

The 102nd amendment deals with the constitutional status of the National Commission for Backward Classes.

What is socially backward?

In the Indian Constitution, OBCs are described as “socially and educationally backward classes”, and the Government of India is enjoined to ensure their social and educational development — for example, the OBCs are entitled to 27% reservations in public sector employment and higher education. …

Why do we need amendments?

The Constitution needs to be amended to provide for giving power to both the Centre and states in respect of GST, a single tax on goods and services. … It says Parliament and the legislature of every state will have the power to make laws with respect to goods and services tax imposed by the Union or by such state.

What is the 45th Amendment?

Extended the period of reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and Anglo-Indians in the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies till 1990. … The 45th Amendment extended the period of reservation to 1990.

What was Article 42?

Any citizen of the Union, and any natural or legal person residing or having its registered office in a Member State, has a right of access to documents of the institutions, bodies, offices and agencies of the Union, whatever their medium.

Why is the 42nd amendment called mini constitution?

It provided parliament the power to amend any part of the constitution including Fundamental rights. … 42nd amendment, 1976: It was called as Mini constitution of India and was brought during national emergency. 1. Preamble: It inserted words Socialist, Secular and Integrity in the preamble.