Question: Why Are The Representation Rules For The Senate And The House Different?

How does representation differ in the House and Senate?

Each state sends two Senators to represent their state in the U.S.

Senate.

However, in the House of Representatives, a state’s representation is based on its population.

For example, smaller states like Vermont and Delaware have one representative while large states like California have 53 representatives..

What is Mcconnell’s position in the Senate?

Jefferson County Judge/Executive1977–1984United States Assistant Attorney General1975–1975Mitch McConnell/Previous offices

What is the minimum age for a US senator?

The framers of the Constitution set the minimum age for Senate service at 30 years.

Who is the most senior member of the Senate?

Traditionally, the most senior member of the majority party is named president pro tempore of the Senate.

Why are the powers of the House of Representatives and the Senate different?

To balance the interests of both the small and large states, the Framers of the Constitution divided the power of Congress between the two houses. Every state has an equal voice in the Senate, while representation in the House of Representatives is based on the size of each state’s population.

What happens if different versions of the same bill pass the House of Representatives and the Senate?

The bill is voted on. If passed, it is then sent to the other chamber unless that chamber already has a similar measure under consideration. … If the House and Senate pass the same bill then it is sent to the President. If the House and Senate pass different bills they are sent to Conference Committee.

Why is the Senate more powerful than the House of Representatives?

Under the Constitution, the House of Representatives has the power to impeach a government official, in effect serving as prosecutor. The Senate has the sole power to conduct impeachment trials, essentially serving as jury and judge.

Which power is shared by the Senate and the House of Representatives?

The Constitution specifically grants Congress its most important power — the authority to make laws. A bill, or proposed law, only becomes a law after both the House of Representatives and the Senate have approved it in the same form. The two houses share other powers, many of which are listed in Article I, Section 8.

What is the law on impeachment?

The Constitution gives Congress the authority to impeach and remove “The President, Vice President, and all civil officers of the United States” upon a determination that such officers have engaged in treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. … Federal judges are subject to impeachment.

What happens to a bill after Congress votes and it passes both the Senate and the House of Representatives?

A two-thirds vote or greater is needed in both the House and the Senate to override the President’s veto. If two-thirds of both houses of Congress vote successfully to override the veto, the bill becomes a law. If the House and Senate do not override the veto, the bill “dies” and does not become a law.

Is the Senate more powerful than the president?

The Senate has exceptionally high authority, sometimes higher than the President or the House of Representatives. The Senate can try cases of impeachment, which can dismiss a President for misconduct.

How do Senate and House reconcile bills?

The House and Senate still must pass an identical bill and present that bill to the president. The president can sign the bill into law or veto it, and Congress can override the president’s veto with a two-thirds majority vote in both houses of Congress.

What the Senate and the House of Representatives together are called?

Established by Article I of the Constitution, the Legislative Branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which together form the United States Congress.

Why is the Senate called the Upper House and the House of Representatives the lower house?

The Senate has 100 members and is the upper house of the United States Congress. It is called the upper house because it has fewer members than the House of Representatives and has powers not granted to the House, such as giving approval to appointments of Cabinet secretaries and federal judges.

What are House members called?

Men and women who belong to the House of Representatives are called representatives. They may also be called congressmen or congresswomen. The number of senators in Congress is spelled out in the Constitution.

Why do we need the Senate?

The framers of the Constitution created the United States Senate to protect the rights of individual states and safeguard minority opinion in a system of government designed to give greater power to the national government.

What powers does the Senate majority leader have?

The leaders serve as spokespersons for their party’s positions on issues. The majority leader schedules the daily legislative program and fashions the unanimous consent agreements that govern the time for debate.

What are the roles of the House and Senate in impeachment?

In impeachment proceedings, the House of Representatives charges an official of the federal government by approving, by majority vote, articles of impeachment. … The Senate sits as a High Court of Impeachment in which senators consider evidence, hear witnesses, and vote to acquit or convict the impeached official.

Who are the youngest senators?

In the 19th century, several state legislatures elected Senators in their late twenties despite the Constitutional minimum age of 30, such as Henry Clay, who was sworn into office at age 29, and John Henry Eaton, the youngest US Senator in history, who took his oath of office when 28 years, 4 months, and 29 days old.

Who signs bills to become?

presidential signature – A proposed law passed by Congress must be presented to the president, who then has 10 days to approve or disapprove it. The president signs bills he supports, making them law. He vetoes a bill by returning it to the house in which it began, usually with a written message.

What is the average age of a US senator?

The average age of Members of the House at the beginning of the 115th Congress was 57.8 years; of Senators, 61.8 years, among the oldest in U.S. history. The overwhelming majority of Members of Congress have a college education.