- Is the Senate more powerful than the House of Representatives?
- What are confirmation hearings?
- Can a president pardon himself?
- What is the difference between the Senate and Congress?
- What is the difference between the House of Representatives and the Senate?
- Does the Senate have oversight of the house?
- Can the Senate hold hearings?
- Can the President refuse a congressional subpoena?
- What three powers does the Senate have?
- Who shall officiate when a president is tried for impeachment?
- What powers does the Senate have that the house does not?
- Does Congress refer to House or Senate?
- How representative are the House and the Senate in practice?
- What is the point of Senate hearings?
- Who is the third in line to the presidency?
- Does Congress refer to both houses?
- Can the president pass a law without congressional approval?
- Do bills have to pass House and Senate?
- How can I testify before Congress?
- What happens when House and Senate bills are different?
- What are the 10 steps of how a bill becomes a law?
Is the Senate more powerful than the House of Representatives?
The Senate is widely considered both a more deliberative and more prestigious body than the House of Representatives due to its longer terms, smaller size, and statewide constituencies, which historically led to a more collegial and less partisan atmosphere..
What are confirmation hearings?
Each Senate committee holds confirmation hearings on presidential nominations to executive and judicial positions within its jurisdiction. These hearings often offer an opportunity for oversight into the activities of the nominee’s department or agency.
Can a president pardon himself?
Self-pardons The legal and constitutional ability of a president to pardon himself (self-pardon) is an unresolved issue. … The acting president could then pardon the president and “thereafter the president could either resign or resume the duties of his office.”
What is the difference between the Senate and Congress?
Senators represent their entire states, but members of the House represent individual districts. The number of districts in each state is determined by a state’s population. … Today, Congress consists of 100 senators (two from each state) and 435 voting members of the House of Representatives.
What is the difference between the House of Representatives and the Senate?
Members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms and are considered for reelection every even year. Senators however, serve six-year terms and elections to the Senate are staggered over even years so that only about 1/3 of the Senate is up for reelection during any election.
Does the Senate have oversight of the house?
The House Government Reform Committee and the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee, which have oversight jurisdiction over virtually the entire federal government, furthermore, are authorized to review and study the operation of government activities to determine their economy and efficiency and to submit …
Can the Senate hold hearings?
Senate committees have the authority to hold hearings on presidential nominations to executive and judicial positions within its jurisdiction.
Can the President refuse a congressional subpoena?
Executive privilege is the right of the president of the United States and other members of the executive branch to maintain confidential communications under certain circumstances within the executive branch and to resist some subpoenas and other oversight by the legislative and judicial branches of government in …
What three powers does the Senate have?
The Senate maintains several powers to itself: It ratifies treaties by a two-thirds supermajority vote and confirms the appointments of the President by a majority vote. The consent of the House of Representatives is also necessary for the ratification of trade agreements and the confirmation of the Vice President.
Who shall officiate when a president is tried for impeachment?
the chief justiceIn the case of presidential impeachment trials, the chief justice of the United States presides. The Constitution requires a two-thirds vote of the Senate to convict, and the penalty for an impeached official upon conviction is removal from office.
What powers does the Senate have that the house does not?
Under the Constitution, the House of Representatives has the power to impeach a government official, in effect serving as prosecutor. The Senate has the sole power to conduct impeachment trials, essentially serving as jury and judge.
Does Congress refer to House or Senate?
The United States Congress or U.S. Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States and consists of two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate.
How representative are the House and the Senate in practice?
The House and Senate are equal partners in the legislative process—legislation cannot be enacted without the consent of both chambers. However, the Constitution grants each chamber some unique powers. The Senate ratifies treaties and approves presidential appointments while the House initiates revenue-raising bills.
What is the point of Senate hearings?
A hearing is a meeting or session of a Senate, House, joint, or special committee of Congress, usually open to the public, to obtain information and opinions on proposed legislation, conduct an investigation, or evaluate/oversee the activities of a government department or the implementation of a Federal law.
Who is the third in line to the presidency?
Current order of successionNo.OfficeIncumbent1Vice PresidentMike Pence2Speaker of the House of RepresentativesNancy Pelosi3President pro tempore of the SenateChuck Grassley4Secretary of StateMike Pompeo14 more rows
Does Congress refer to both houses?
Congress is divided into two institutions: the House of Representatives and the Senate. The two houses of Congress have equal but unique roles in the federal government. … Every state has an equal voice in the Senate, while representation in the House of Representatives is based on the size of each state’s population.
Can the president pass a law without congressional approval?
presidential signature – A proposed law passed by Congress must be presented to the president, who then has 10 days to approve or disapprove it. Normally, bills he neither signs nor vetoes within 10 days become law without his signature. …
Do bills have to pass House and Senate?
All bills must be passed by both the House of Representatives and the Senate and be signed by the Governor-General. Most bills start in the House of Representatives, although they can also be introduced in the Senate.
How can I testify before Congress?
To testify, a witness must be invited by a committee. Before officially inviting a witness, committee staff identify and often interview prospective witnesses.
What happens when House and Senate bills are different?
After the conference committee resolves any differences between the House and Senate versions of the bill, each chamber must vote again to approve the final bill text. Once each chamber has approved the bill, the legislation is sent to the President. … If the President signs the bill, it becomes a law.
What are the 10 steps of how a bill becomes a law?
StepsStep 1: The bill is drafted. … Step 2: The bill is introduced. … Step 3: The bill goes to committee. … Step 4: Subcommittee review of the bill. … Step 5: Committee mark up of the bill. … Step 6: Voting by the full chamber on the bill. … Step 7: Referral of the bill to the other chamber. … Step 8: The bill goes to the president.More items…•