Quick Answer: What Are The Main Differences Between The Two Houses Of Congress?

Who has more power Senate or House?

The House has several powers assigned exclusively to it, including the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach federal officials, and elect the President in the case of an electoral college tie.

The Senate has the sole power to confirm those of the President’s appointments that require consent, and to ratify treaties..

What is a significant advantage of a bicameral Congress?

Advantages of Bicameral Legislature Bicameral legislature makes room for equal and adequate representation of the people in a federal state. The second chamber of s bicameral legislature checks and prevents hasty and ill-considered passage of bills unlike in the case of a unicameral legislature.

Why are Senate races more competitive than HOuse races quizlet?

Elections for governor and US senate are often more competitive than the HOuse. Safe seats are more prominent than competitive seats in the house because incumbents continually come back and run for reelection with barely any funding contributed to campaigning.

What can the House do that the Senate Cannot?

The House has several powers assigned exclusively to it, including the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach federal officials, and elect the President in the case of an electoral college tie. … The Senate has the sole power to confirm those of the President’s appointments that require consent, and to ratify treaties.

How does bicameralism limit the power of the government?

A practical reason for a bicameral system is to prevent the legislative branch from having too much power—an intrabranch check. The bicameral system is supposed to provide for checks and balances and prevent potential abuses of power.

Can the Senate override the house?

If enough Members object to the presidential veto, a vote is taken to override, or overrule the veto. … If two-thirds of both houses of Congress vote successfully to override the veto, the bill becomes a law. If the House and Senate do not override the veto, the bill “dies” and does not become a law.

What are the roles of the House and Senate in impeachment?

In impeachment proceedings, the House of Representatives charges an official of the federal government by approving, by majority vote, articles of impeachment. … The Senate sits as a High Court of Impeachment in which senators consider evidence, hear witnesses, and vote to acquit or convict the impeached official.

What is the difference between the Senate and the House of Representatives?

Notice that members of the House are elected every two years, whereas senators are elected for six-year terms. … Senators are at least thirty years old and citizens for nine years. Another difference is who they represent. Senators represent their entire states, but members of the House represent individual districts.

What are two important differences between the House and the Senate quizlet?

Members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms and are considered for reelection every even year. Senators however, serve six-year terms and elections to the Senate are staggered over even years so that only about 1/3 of the Senate is up for reelection during any election.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of having two houses of Congress quizlet?

The advantages of a bicameral legislature include stability, more varied representation and the passing of quality legislation. The disadvantages include deadlock and unequal representation. The stability of a bicameral legislative system comes from the ability of the two houses to check each other’s power.

Why is the Senate more powerful than the House of Representatives?

Under the Constitution, the House of Representatives has the power to impeach a government official, in effect serving as prosecutor. The Senate has the sole power to conduct impeachment trials, essentially serving as jury and judge.

What do the House and the Senate have in common?

Congress is divided into two institutions: the House of Representatives and the Senate. The two houses of Congress have equal but unique roles in the federal government. While they share legislative responsibilities, each house also has special constitutional duties and powers.