Quick Answer: What Does Article 36 Say?

What does Article 39 say?

Article 39 states that the Indian constitution shall be directing this policy for securing citizens following – (a) The first part gives adequate livelihood to every citizen, including all men and women, and these rights are equal..

What are the 7 fundamental rights?

Seven fundamental rights were originally provided by the Constitution – the right to equality, right to freedom, right against exploitation, right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights, right to property and right to constitutional remedies.

Are fundamental rights enforceable against corporations?

Supreme Court of India held that a “COMPANY” is not a state and that’s why fundamental rights cannot be enforced against that company.

Is Article 32 suspended during emergency?

These Fundamental Rights can be suspended during emergency by the President of India under Article 359. … Under Article 32 of the Constitution, a person can go to the Supreme Court for the enforcement of these rights.

What is Article 39 B and C?

What is Article 39(c)? The State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing: that the operation of the economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common detriment.

How can we make enforcement of fundamental rights easier and effective in India?

A writ is an order of court directing the recipient of such order to do or refrain from doing a particular act. Different writs serve different purpose. The available writs that can be issued for the enforcement of a fundamental right under the Indian Constitution are as follows: Writ of Habeas Corpus.

What is the meaning of Article 32?

Article 32 of the Indian Constitution enshrines this provision whereby individuals may seek redressal for the violation of their fundamental rights. … constitutional weapons, known as ‘writs’, for the enforcement of such rights.

What does Article 37 say?

Article 37 mainly addresses issues relating to children in conflict with the law (or ‘youth justice’). It refers to a number of rights: No child shall be subjected to torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. No child should be unlawfully arrested or detained.

What does Article 33 say?

By article 33 of the Constitution, Parliament is empowered to enact laws determining to what extent any of the rights conferred by Part III of the Constitution shall, in their application to the members of the Armed Forces or the Forces charged with the maintenance of public order, be restricted or abrogated so as to …

What does Article 41 indicate?

The State shall, within the limits of its economic capacity and development, make effective provision for securing the right to work, to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement, and in other cases of undeserved want.

Which rights of Indian citizens can be enforced by the courts?

Part III of the Indian Constitution guarantees “fundamental rights” to all citizens, and some of these, like the right to life (art. 21) and the right to equality (art. 14), to all persons. The fundamental rights are enforceable in the High Courts and the Supreme Court.

Is right to property justiciable?

India is a unique case study for evaluating this tension because at the time of its adoption in 1950, the Indian Constitution constitutionalised both civil and political rights like the right to property and social and economic rights, but only made the former justiciable.

What does Article 42 say?

Article 42 of the Constitution is a non-government organization operating in the sphere of protection of human rights facilitating the protection of civic and political rights and freedoms, as well as protection of other fundamental rights recognized by international law; harmonization of state policy and national …

What are the 7 human rights in India?

They are Right to Equality, Right to Freedom, Right against Exploitation, Right to Freedom of Religion, Cultural and Educational Rights, and Right to Constitutional Remedies.

What are the 30 human rights in India?

Appendix 5: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (abbreviated)Article 1Right to EqualityArticle 2Freedom from DiscriminationArticle 3Right to Life, Liberty, Personal SecurityArticle 4Freedom from SlaveryArticle 5Freedom from Torture and Degrading Treatment25 more rows

What is the Article 34?

Article 34 Constitution of India: Restriction on rights conferred by this Part while martial law is in force in any area.

What is the Article 40?

Article 40 of the Constitution which enshrines one of the Directive Principles of State Policy lays down that the State shall take steps to organise village panchayats and endow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self-government.

What is the Article 45?

Article 45 Provision for free and compulsory education for children. The State shall endeavour to provide, within a period of ten years from the commencement of this Constitution, for free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of fourteen years.