Quick Answer: What Is The 86th Amendment Act?

What is Article 48a?

Article 48A.

Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life..

What is Article 43 A?

1[43A. The State shall take steps, by suitable legislation or in any other way, to secure the participation of workers in the management of undertakings, establishments or other organisations engaged in any industry.]

What does Article 21a of Constitution say?

Right to Education The Constitution (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002 inserted Article 21-A in the Constitution of India to provide free and compulsory education of all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a Fundamental Right in such a manner as the State may, by law, determine.

Which right has been abolished by the 44th Amendment Act 1978?

In 1978, the Constitution (44th) Amendment Act was passed by the then ruling Janata Party, repealing the right to property accorded to every citizen in Article 19(1)(f) and Article 31.

What is Article 35 A in Kashmir?

Article 35A of the Indian Constitution was an article that empowered the Jammu and Kashmir state’s legislature to define “permanent residents” of the state and provide special rights and privileges to them. … Non-permanent residents of the state, even if Indian citizens, were not entitled to these ‘privileges’.

What is the 100th amendment?

This amendment needed special majority in the parliament to get passed. The bill proposed to amend the 1st schedule of the constitution to exchange the disputed territories occupied by both the nations in accordance with the 1974 bilateral LBA. Key features of Land Boundary Agreement.

How many amendments are there in 2019?

All 33 amendments are listed and detailed in the tables below. Article Five of the United States Constitution details the two-step process for amending the nation’s frame of government.

What is Article 21 Right to life?

Legal Article Article 21 states that “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to the procedure established by law.” This Article mentions two basic terms ‘life’ and ‘personal liberty’.

What was Article 42?

Article 42 of the Constitution is a non-government organization operating in the sphere of protection of human rights facilitating the protection of civic and political rights and freedoms, as well as protection of other fundamental rights recognized by international law; harmonization of state policy and national …

What is 104th amendment of Indian Constitution?

One Hundred and Fourth Amendment of the Constitution of IndiaThe Constitution (One Hundred and Fourth Amendment) Act, 2019Long title[show]Citation104th Amendment Act of the Indian ConstitutionTerritorial extentIndiaEnacted byLok Sabha13 more rows

What is the Article 51a?

Article 51A – Fundamental Duties — It shall be the duty of every citizen of India- (a) to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem; (b) to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom; (c) to uphold and protect …

Is GST 101 or 122 Amendment?

Officially known as The Constitution (One Hundred and First Amendment) Act, 2016, this amendment introduced a national Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India from 1 July 2017. … It replaces all indirect taxes levied on goods and services by the Indian Central and state governments.

What is 44th Amendment?

Legislative history. The bill of the Constitution (Forty-fourth Amendment) Act, 1978 was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 16 December 1977 as the Constitution (Forty-fourth Amendment) Bill, 1977. It was introduced by Shanti Bhushan, Minister of Law, Justice and Company Affairs.

What is the significance of the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976?

The 42nd Amendment changed the description of India from a “sovereign democratic republic” to a “sovereign, socialist secular democratic republic”, and also changed the words “unity of the nation” to “unity and integrity of the nation”.

Why is the 42nd amendment called the mini constitution?

It was enacted by Indian National Congress headed by Indira Gandhi then. Due to the large number of amendments this act has brought to the Indian Constitution, it is also known as ‘Mini-Constitution. … It will also define the relationship between the 42nd Amendment Act 1976 and the 44th Amendment Act 1978.

What is Article 31 A of Indian Constitution?

Article 31 provided that “no person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law.” It also provided that compensation would be paid to a person whose property has been taken for public purposes.

What is the Article 29?

Article 29 – Protection of Interests of Minorities Article 29(1): This provides all citizen groups that reside in India having a distinct culture, language, and script, the right to conserve their culture and language. … This right is given to individuals and not any community.

Why right to property has been abolished?

The Morarji Desai government eventually scrapped the fundamental right to property with the forty-fourth amendment in 1978. In its place came Article 300-A that makes it possible for a citizen to be dispossessed without compensation through an act of legislation.

What is the Article 45?

– For article 45 of the Constitution, the following article shall be substituted, namely:- . Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of six years. “45. The State shall endeavour to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years.”.

What is Article 51 A of Indian Constitution?

The Fundamental Duty, given in Article 51 A(g) of the Indian Constitution clearly mentions the duty of the citizen to protect the environment. According to this article, it is the duty of every citizen to protect and preserve the natural environment (natural environment includes forest, rivers, lakes, and wildlife).

What is Article 36 of Indian Constitution?

(1) The State shall strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may a social order in which justice, social, economic and political, shall inform all the institutions of the national life.

What are the two aims of 42nd constitutional amendment?

The two aims: To lower the authority of supreme court and high court for the validity of constitutional laws. It made the use of the power fundamental duties by the people of India to the nation.

What is Article 34 A?

Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing provisions of this Part, Parliament may by law indemnify any person in the service of the Union or of a State or any other person in respect of any act done by him in connection with the maintenance or restoration of order in any area within the territory of India where martial …

What is the Article 39?

According to Article 39A of Indian constitution the State shall secure that the operation of the legal system promotes justice, on a basis of equal opportunity, and shall, in particular, provide free legal aid. Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State.

Can the preamble be amended?

It has been clarified by the Supreme Court that being a part of the Constitution, the Preamble can be subjected to Constitutional Amendments exercised under article 368, however, the basic structure cannot be altered. Therefore it is considered as the heart and soul of the Constitution.

What is the Article 40?

Article 40 of the Constitution which enshrines one of the Directive Principles of State Policy lays down that the State shall take steps to organise village panchayats and endow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self-government.

What is the difference between Article 21a and 45?

Article 21a is guaranteed as fundamental right but article 45 is directive principle of state policy. *. Article 21 provides that the state shall provide free and compulsary education to children between 6-14 years of age.

Can Article 21 be suspended?

Article 21 of the Indian Constitution can never be suspended. That is the factual position in law. Now is it or is it, not let the government give in writing.

What is Article 29 and 30?

Articles 29 and 30 of the Constitution are grouped under the heading “Cultural and Educational rights”. These both Articles protect and guarantee certain collective rights for the minorities to help them preserve their language, religion and culture.