Quick Answer: What Is The New CAA Law In India?

Why is CAA important?

The Act seeks to amend the definition of illegal immigrant for Hindu, Sikh, Parsi, Buddhist and Christian immigrants from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, who have lived in India without documentation.

They will be granted fast track Indian citizenship in six years..

What exactly is CAA?

The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) aims to fast-track citizenship for six persecuted minority communities — Hindus, Parsis, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains and Christians — who arrived in India on or before December 31, 2014 from Muslim-majority Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan.

What is the problem with CAA India?

It seeks to legally establish Muslims as second-class citizens of India by providing preferential treatment to other groups. This violates the Constitution’s Article 14, the fundamental right to equality to all persons. This basic structure of the Constitution cannot be reshaped by any Parliament.

Is CAA against the Constitution?

It’s been suggested that the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) goes against Article 14 of the Constitution and that there are enough provisions in the unamended Citizenship Act to provide citizenship to persecuted minorities. The CAA is perfectly legal and Constitutional.

When did CAA passed?

Exactly three months ago, on December 11, India’s parliament passed the controversial Citizenship Amendment Act. This, for the first time, introduced a religious element to India’s citizenship law.

A: No. CAA is a separate law and NRC is a separate process. The CAA has come into force nationwide after its passage from Parliament, while the NRC rules and procedures for the country are yet to be decided.

What is new CAA in India?

The 2019 CAA amended the Citizenship Act of 1955 allowing Indian citizenship for Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian religious minorities who fled from the neighboring Muslim majority countries of Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan before December 2014 due to “religious persecution or fear of religious …

Is CAA applicable in India?

The Act has amended the Citizenship Act, 1955 to give eligibility for Indian citizenship to illegal migrants who are Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, and who entered India on or before 31 December 2014.

Does CAA affect Indian citizens?

The Citizenship (Amendment) Act or CAA does not affect any Indian citizen, including Muslim citizens,” it said in response to a set of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on the controversial legislation that has led to violent protests in some parts of the country, including the national capital.

Which article is violated by CAA?

A retired member of judiciary in an article in a leading daily has stated that CAA violates Article 14 on all three counts of reasonable classification, arbitrariness in state action and treating people unequally without reason.

What is the current status of CAA?

Till now the Supreme Court has not ruled on the matter. The CAA provides for fast-track naturalisation for non-Muslim religious minorities from the three neighbouring Muslim majority countries of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh if they arrived in India before 31.12. 2014 and have been here for five years.

Is Aadhaar card enough for NRC?

NEW DELHI: Top government officials on Friday clarified that Aadhaar, voter ID card and passport are not citizenship documents. … A top government official said that it was “pre-mature” to talk about NRC but added that documents like voter ID, Aadhaar and passport do not prove citizenship.

What is CAA NRC and NPR?

Amid the anger and acrimony over the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), the National Population Register (NPR), and a possible National Register of Citizens (NRC), which the government has said has not been finalised yet, there has been little thought regarding its effects on another growing challenge — the quality of …

Is CAA based on religion?

The Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) rules are expected to seek “proof of religion” as mentioned in government records, a senior official of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) said on Monday. … The official said the States would have no role in implementation of the CAA, as citizenship was the domain of the Centre.

What is NRC CAA in India?

The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 (CAA) was passed by the Parliament of India on 11 December. … The Act also seeks to relax the requirement of residence in India for citizenship by naturalization from 11 years to 5 years for migrants covered under the Act.

What is the law of CAA?

The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) was passed in December last year, prompting outrage and protests across India. The law offers citizenship to non-Muslims fleeing religious persecution from three nearby countries.

Why is CAA wrong?

CAA violates Constitutional secular principles and is a violation of Articles 13, 14, 15, 16 and 21 which guarantee the right to equality, equality before the law and non-discriminatory treatment by the Indian State. … There is no way for a Muslim who is declared an ‘illegal migrant’ to get citizenship in India.

Why NRC and CAA is dangerous?

The NRC will threaten to snap the associational life between Hindus and Muslims. The former will find it increasingly difficult to relate to Muslims who have been deprived of citizenship. It may even become illegal to do business with those declared as aliens, thus effectively imposing an economic boycott on them.