What Does Basic Law Mean?

What is the main law of the country?

Since the Constitution is the supreme law of the country; the Constitutional Court may, in that respect, be regarded as the highest Court in South Africa.

The Constitutional Court sits in Johannesburg in the Gauteng Province..

How many articles are there in Basic Law?

160 articlesThe Basic Law consists of: (a) the body of the Basic Law which comprises a total of nine chapters with 160 articles; (b) Annex I, which sets out the method for the selection of the Chief Executive of the HKSAR; (c) Annex II, which sets out the method for the formation of the Legislative Council of the HKSAR and its …

What country owns Hong Kong?

People’s Republic of ChinaIn 1997, China resumed the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, ending more than 150 years of British colonial rule. Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Hong Kong’s foreign relations and defense are the responsibility of the PRC.

Is Hong Kong under Chinese law?

Hong Kong’s legal system was developed under British governance, based on the English common law. … The Hong Kong Basic Law, which is a law passed by the Chinese National People’s Congress, came into effect in 1997, becoming the constitutional document in Hong Kong.

What is Hong Kong’s main religion?

Religion in Hong Kong is characterized by a multi-faith diversity of beliefs and practices. Most of the Hong Kong people of Chinese descent practice Chinese folk religion—which may include Confucian and Taoist doctrines and ritual traditions—or Buddhism, mostly of the Chinese variety.

What are the 5 demands Hong Kong protest?

As the protests progressed, citizens laid out five key demands, namely the withdrawal of the bill, an investigation into alleged police brutality and misconduct, the release of all the arrested, a retraction of the official characterisation of the protests as “riots”, and the resignation of Carrie Lam as chief …

When was the basic law created?

The Basic Law was formally promulgated on 4 April 1990 by the NPC, together with the designs for the flag and emblem of the HKSAR.

What are the 4 types of law?

These four sources of law are the United States Constitution, federal and state statutes, administrative regulations, and case law.

Who wrote the Basic Law?

Hong Kong Basic LawBasic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of ChinaCreated4 April 1990Date effective1 July 1997Author(s)Hong Kong Basic Law Drafting CommitteeSignatoriesYang Shangkun, President of the People’s Republic of China3 more rows

What is Hong Kong government type?

Head of government The Basic Law designates a system of governance led by a Chief Executive and an Executive Council, with a two-tiered system of semi-representative government and an independent judiciary.

Which is the basic law of the country?

In countries with uncodified constitutions, basic law is the denomination of a law providing constitutional powers. In Germany basic law (“Grundgesetz”) is the name given to the codified constitution.

Why is Hong Kong called SAR?

Hong Kong became a SAR because of a contract it entered into with the Chinese government in Beijing called the Basic Law.

Who has jurisdiction over Hong Kong?

People’s Republic of ChinaKey Takeaways. Hong Kong exists as a Special Administrative Region controlled by The People’s Republic of China and enjoys its own limited autonomy as defined by the Basic Law. The principle of “one country, two systems” allows for the coexistence of socialism and capitalism under “one country,” which is mainland China …

What is the basic principle behind the Basic Law?

The Basic Law states that the “ultimate aim” is for the chief executive to be selected by “universal suffrage upon nomination by a broadly representative nominating committee”. This means that many in Hong Kong feel they were promised a level of democracy that has not been delivered.