What Is The Article 51a?

What is right to equality?

The general principle of equality and non-discrimination is a fundamental element of international human rights law.

‘ Thus, the right to equal treatment requires that all persons be treated equally before the law, without discrimination.


What is Article 51a G?

Article 51A (g) places a duty on the citizens of India to protect and improve the natural environment and have compassion for all living creatures. As interpreted in Animal Welfare Board of India v.

What are the fundamental duties listed in Article 51a?

51A: Fundamental Duties; It shall be duty of every citizen of India_To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India;To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;More items…•

Which feature of the Indian Constitution stipulates that it shall be the duty of every citizen of India to develop the scientific temper humanism the spirit of inquiry and reform?

According to the Fundamental Duties under Article 51 A(h): [It shall be the duty of every citizen of India] To develop scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.

What does Article 40 of the Constitution mean?

Article 40 of the Constitution which enshrines one of the Directive Principles of State Policy lays down that the State shall take steps to organise village panchayats and endow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self-government.

What is Article 48a of Indian Constitution?

Article 48A Constitution of India: Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life. [The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wild life of the country.]

What is the provision of Article 49 of Indian Constitution?

It shall be the obligation of the State to protect every monument or place or object of artistic or historic interest, 1[declared by or under law made by Parliament] to be of national importance, from spoliation, disfigurement, destruction, removal, disposal or export, as the case may be.

Is right to clean environment a fundamental right?

The Supreme Court held that the right to life under Article 21 of the Constitution is a fundamental right and includes the rights to free water and free air from pollution for the full enjoyment of life in the case of Subhash Kumar v. State of Bihar[31].

How many types of fundamental duties are there?

11 fundamental dutiesThe fundamental duties were incorporated in Part IV-A of our constitution by 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976. Presently we have 11 fundamental duties in our constitution under article 51-A, which are statutory duties and are enforceable by law.

Why fundamental duties were added?

The Fundamental Duties were included in the Constitution with the idea of curbing subversive and unconstitutional activities. … Citizens are morally obligated by the Constitution to perform these duties. They are not legally enforceable like fundamental rights.

What are the 11 fundamental duties?

Introduction to 11 Fundamental Duties in IndiaS.No11 Fundamental Duties2.Cherish and follow the noble ideals that inspired the national struggle for freedom3.Uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India4.Defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so8 more rows

What are the 7 fundamental rights?

Seven fundamental rights were originally provided by the Constitution – the right to equality, right to freedom, right against exploitation, right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights, right to property and right to constitutional remedies.

What are our duties?

Being a citizen of India, some of the moral responsibilities and duties mentioned in the constitution are: We must respect the National Flag and National Anthem, obey the laws of our country, protect the power, unity and integrity of the country, safeguard public property, pay our taxes with honesty promptly, protect …

What is right to wholesome environment?

The citizens of the country have a fundamental right to a wholesome, clean and decent environment. The Constitution of India, in terms of Article 48A, mandates that the State is under a Constitutional obligation to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forest and wild life in the country.

What is the aim of Article 51 in Indian Constitution?

The State shall promote international peace and security by the prescription of open, just and honourable relations between nations, by the firm establishment of the understandings of international law as the actual rule of conduct among governments and by the maintenance of justice and respect for treaty obligations …

How many articles are in UN Charter?

111 articlesThe Charter, which consisted of a preamble and 19 chapters divided into 111 articles, called for the U.N. to maintain international peace and security, promote social progress and better standards of life, strengthen international law, and promote the expansion of human rights.

What is directive principles of Indian Constitution?

The Directive Principles of State Policy of India (DPSP) are the guidelines or 15 principles given to the federal institutes governing the State of India, to be kept in citation while framing laws and policies. … The Indian constitution was also influenced by the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

What are the 7 human rights in India?

They are Right to Equality, Right to Freedom, Right against Exploitation, Right to Freedom of Religion, Cultural and Educational Rights, and Right to Constitutional Remedies.